Sega Ltd - Gates & Automation

Safety Systems

Our gates and meet with the essential health and safety requirements and are CE marked as required by Law. Our products are designed and engineered to comply as a minimum with the standards set out in BS EN 12978 and BS EN 12453.

All installations are to comply with current EN safety regulations for Automatic gates with the latest safety devises and we carry out a full risk assessment at the survey stage to work out the items needed based on the risks of the gate and use of the gate.

Some details are below from HSE safety notices

Introduction:

The purpose of this Safety Notice is to reinforce and update previous information (HSE Safety Notice FOD WSW 1-2010) to organisations and individuals involved in the design, construction, installation and commissioning of electrically powered gates and organisations in control of their use and/or maintenance. It is also relevant to companies carrying out on-going maintenance of these types of gates.

It will be of particular interest to gate manufacturers, gate installers, those involved in the commissioning of electrically powered gates, organisations involved in construction projects (including the installation of gates), and persons or organisations in control of premises where persons other than their own employees may have access to such gates (such as site management and/or lettings agents).

Background:

Two recent, separate, incidents that both led to the deaths of young children have highlighted a risk of using automatic vehicle access gates. (These incidents are in addition to an earlier fatality, which also involved a young child in 2006, and other recent near misses). Whilst these recent fatalities involved automatic sliding gates, this Safety Notice applies to all powered access gates.

In both these cases, the children were trapped between the closing edge of the gate and the gate post at the end of the gates' travel. They were trapped because:

Their presence in the vicinity of the closing edge was not detected; and The closing force of the gate when they obstructed it was not limited to the values specified in Annex A of BS EN 12453:2001.

Standard:

BS EN 12453:2001 recommends a minimum level of safeguarding against the crushing hazard at the closing edge of the gate depending on the type of environment in which the gate is operating. The Standard defines 3 types of use:

The Standard advises on the minimum levels of safeguarding of the main edge according to its type of use. Type 1 gates are not considered further in this safety notice because they are not located in the vicinity of the general public.

In the case of those powered gates categorised as Type 2 or Type 3 and which have automatic control, the advised level of safeguarding is to:

Limit forces according to Annex A of the Standard using force limitation devices or sensitive protective equipment

AND

Provide a means for the detection of the presence of a person or an obstacle standing on the floor at one side of the gate.

Alternatively, a means for detection of the presence a person, which is designed in a way that in no circumstances can that person be touched by the moving gate leaf, can be provided.

PERSONS WITH RESPONSIBILITIES FOR GATE SAFETY

Except in a private dwelling where no staff are employed, the person in control of premises has responsibilities under health and safety legislation. The relevant legislation includes the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992, Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 as well as the Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008. These responsibilities include ensuring that the gate is fitted with any necessary safety devices, maintaining it an efficient working order and keeping a suitable record of maintenance. Note that efficient in this context means from the point of view of health and safety (not convenience or economy).

GATE RISK ASSESSMENT

When designing, constructing, installing and/or commissioning electrically powered gates, or where managing sites where electrically powered gates exist, responsible persons, including installers, must ensure so far as is reasonably practicable that they have undertaken a suitable and sufficient risk assessment to identify any hazards and associated risks to persons using the gates. This should include consideration of the following;

The identification of any trapping and/or crushing zones where employees or persons not in your employment may become trapped and injured;

The identification of ways in which safe operating systems may be defeated or by-passed & place employees / non-employees at risk. This is particularly relevant where children, members of the public, or persons not familiar with the safe use of any installation have access to electrically powered gates & not recognise a risk to their safety;

The identification of ways in which persons may be harmed by the gates should they be activated automatically, or by another person (for example, by a sensor under the road surface activating a gate when a car drives over it, or by a remote button or key fob pressed by a third person);

Risk assessments should be undertaken as early as possible. Undertaking a risk assessment at the design phase will allow an opportunity to design out risks at an early stage;

Any design changes should be subject to a revised risk assessment to ensure the changes have not introduced new hazards or risks;

When the installation is complete, a final risk assessment should be undertaken

You should also ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that you have eliminated and/or controlled any risks identified from the risk assessment.

Wherever possible risks should be eliminated, but where they need to be controlled technology such as fixed guards, pressure sensitive strips, safety sensor flooring, light barriers or infra-red detectors may help control and/or reduce the risk, but consideration needs to be given to how a person may still be harmed if one of these systems fail.

Any component parts (such as motors and motor arms) supplied by separate manufacturers should be installed in accordance with the manufacturers guidance, and used in accordance with their instructions for use; Where the gates are defined as a machine under the Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008 a conformity assessment must be undertaken by a responsible person prior to their use, and a technical file compiled. Any information or instructions required on how to operate the gates should be made available to the person(s) or organisation that the gates are produced for.

Persons adopting the responsibility for the management and maintenance of the gates should be provided with the appropriate safety documentation, instructions for use, and training in how to operate and maintain the gates safely. Persons using the gates regularly should be given appropriate information, instruction and training on how to operate them safely.

GATE RISK ASSESSMENT & ACTIONS REQUIRED BY PROPERTY MANAGERS

All electrical gates under the management control of property managers should be formally risk assessed by a competent gate contractor. Management Company directors who, in their role of responsible person(s), choose not to have an assessment undertaken must inform the property manager of their decision in writing.

Once a risk assessment has been completed, a copy of the document should be immediately passed to directors along with estimates to have corrective work carried out should the risk assessment recommend safety modifications to the gate installation. Directors and property managers should note in particular the areas of risk identified within the assessment together with the recommended timescales for corrective actions.

NB. Regarding gate installations that are subject to corrective work, the property manager is to ensure that a revised risk assessment and a declaration of conformity are obtained from the gate company without exception. All documentation should be stored on On-base for future reference.

In the event that the risk assessment deems the gate to be unsafe or dangerous and the responsible person/management company director refuses to have it upgraded the installer/competent gate risk assessor should;

NEW BUSINESS - GATE DOCUMENTATION TO BE OBTAINED AT HANDOVER

All automatic gate systems by LAW must be installed in compliance with the Machinery Directive MD2006/42/EC and supporting standards. The directive requires several key documents to be created in a technical file. Parts of this technical file should be handed over with the finished gate product. In addition the final product must also be CE marked and display a label or stamp from its manufacturer. The required documents to be obtained at handover include the following;

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICING OF GATES

Automatic gates, properly installed, should represent good value for money and give years of trouble free use.

The installer will have left a service/maintenance log when they installed the gates. This log should be kept in a place of safe custody by the property manager. The log will tell you the frequency of maintenance however as a general rule automated gates should be maintained every six months on commercial i.e. apartment blocks. or at yearly intervals for low usage gate ways i.e. private residences of not more than twelve operations a day.

Servicing is a very important and integral part of any automated gate installation, by scheduling routine preventative maintenance for such installations the overall running costs can be dramatically reduced. In the event that maintenance is not carried out as laid down by the manufacturer then the gate owner could well be held responsible for any damage caused by malfunctioning (provided that the event cannot be traced to an original or installation defect).

More details on the safety notices can be found via the following links:

Health & Safety Executive Bulletins:

For further information, please give us a call on 0845 459 3162 or view our Enquiries page to send us an email.